Hydroxychloroquine plaquenil pharmacological drug class

Discussion in 'Trusted Online Pharmacy' started by bond313, 08-Mar-2020.

  1. Mike-86 Guest

    Hydroxychloroquine plaquenil pharmacological drug class


    Falciparum Discontinue in 6 months if improvement is inadequate Use in patients with psoriasis may precipitate a severe attack of psoriasis; use with caution Postmarketing cases of life-threatening and fatal cardiomyopathy reported with use of hydroxychloroquine as well as of chloroquine Irreversible retinal damage observed in some patients who had received hydroxychloroquine sulfate; significant risk factors for retinal damage include daily doses of hydroxychloroquine sulfate greater than 6.5 mg/kg (5 mg/kg base) of actual body weight, durations of use greater than five years, subnormal glomerular filtration, use of some concomitant drug products such as tamoxifen citrate and concurrent macular disease Ocular examination is recommended within first year of therapy; baseline exam should include: best corrected distance visual acuity (BCVA), an automated threshold visual field (VF) of the central 10 degrees (with retesting if an abnormality is noted), and spectral domain ocular coherence tomography (SD-OCT) For individuals with significant risk factors (daily dose of hydroxychloroquine sulfate 5.0 mg/kg base of actual body weight, subnormal glomerular filtration, use of tamoxifen citrate or concurrent macular disease) monitoring should include annual examinations which include BCVA, VF and SD-OCT; for individuals without significant risk factors, annual exams can usually be deferred until five years of treatment In individuals of Asian descent, retinal toxicity may first be noticed outside macula; in patients of Asian descent, it is recommended that visual field testing be performed in central 24 degrees instead of central 10 degrees Hydroxychloroquine should be discontinued if ocular toxicity is suspected and patient should be closely observed given that retinal changes (and visual disturbances) may progress even after cessation of therapy Hepatic disease or alcoholism Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is associated with hemolysis and renal impairment; use with caution Dermatologic reactions to hydroxychloroquine may occur Patients are prone to dermatitis outbreaks Signs or symptoms of cardiac compromise have appeared during acute and chronic treatment; clinical monitoring for signs and symptoms of cardiomyopathy is advised, including use of appropriate diagnostic tools such as ECG to monitor patients for cardiomyopathy during therapy; if cardiotoxicity is suspected, prompt discontinuation may prevent life-threatening complications Not for administration with other drugs that have potential to prolong QT interval; hydroxychloroquine prolongs QT interval; ventricular arrhythmias and torsades de pointes reported in patients taking hydroxychloroquine Skeletal muscle myopathy or neuropathy leading to progressive weakness and atrophy of proximal muscle groups, depressed tendon reflexes, and abnormal nerve conduction, reported; muscle and nerve biopsies have been associated with curvilinear bodies and muscle fiber atrophy with vacuolar changes; assess muscle strength and deep tendon reflexes periodically in patients on long-term therapy Suicidal behavior rarely reported in patients treated with hydroxychloroquine Hematologic reactions (including aplastic anemia) and agranulocytosis may occur May exacerbate heart failure Shown to cause severe hypoglycemia including loss of consciousness that could be life threatening in patients treated with or without antidiabetic medications; warn patients about risk of hypoglycemia and associated clinical signs and symptoms; patients presenting with clinical symptoms suggestive of hypoglycemia during treatment should have their blood glucose checked and treatment reviewed as necessary A reduction in dosage may be necessary in patients with hepatic or renal disease, as well as in those taking medicines known to affect these organs Use with caution in patients with hepatic disease or alcoholism or in conjunction with known hepatotoxic drugs Consider discontinuing therapy if any severe blood disorder such as aplastic anemia, agranulocytosis, leukopenia, or thrombocytopenia, which is not attributable to the disease under treatment appears; perform periodic blood cell counts if patients are given prolonged therapy Pregnancy category: C Lactation: Drug is concentrated in breast milk (American Academy of Pediatrics committee states that it is compatible with nursing) A: Generally acceptable. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

    Chloroquine phosphate malaria Chloroquine is ineffective on the exoeryhto Hydroxychloroquine street value

    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is a colorless crystalline solid, soluble in water to at least 20 percent; chemically the drug is 2-4-7-Chloro-4-quinolylaminopentylethylamino ethanol sulfate 11. PLAQUENIL hydroxychloroquine sulfate tablets contain 200 mg hydroxychloroquine sulfate, equivalent to 155 mg base, and are for oral administration. Plaquenil is the brand name for the prescription drug hydroxychloroquine. It's used to treat and prevent malaria infection, and to reduce symptoms and progression of autoimmune diseases such as. PrPLAQUENIL® Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate Tablets USP 200 mg ACTIONS AND CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY PLAQUENIL hydroxychloroquine sulfate tablets belongs to the 4-aminoquinoline class. PLAQUENIL has been beneficial for patients with rheumatoid arthritis and lupus erythematosus, especially chronic discoid lupus.

    Unknown; may impair complement-dependent antigen-antibody reactions; inhibits locomotion of neutrophils and chemotaxis of eosinophils Increases p H and interferes with lysosomal degradation of hemoglobin, which in turn interferes with digestive vacuole function Bioavailability: Rapid and complete absorption Onset: May take 4-6 months to show response; peak response takes several months (rheumatic disease) Duration: Unknown Peak plasma time: 1-3 hr Protein bound: 55% Metabolites: Desethylhydroxychloroquine, desethylchloroquine Half-life: 32-50 days Excretion: Urine (60%) The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. D: Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available.

    Hydroxychloroquine plaquenil pharmacological drug class

    PLAQUENIL Dosage & Rx Info Uses, Side Effects, Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine - Side Effects, Dosage.

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  7. Find patient medical information for Hydroxychloroquine Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings.

    • Hydroxychloroquine Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions..
    • Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate - Sanofi.
    • Hydroxychloroquine Professional Patient Advice -.

    Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is considered a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD. It can decrease the pain and swelling of arthritis. It may prevent joint damage and reduce the risk of long-term disability. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is a drug that is classified as an anti-malarial drug. Plaquenil is prescribed for the treatment or prevention of malaria. It is also prescribed for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and the side effects of lupus such as hair loss, joint pain, and more. Ventricular arrhythmias and torsade de pointes have been reported with the use of hydroxychloroquine. Tricyclic antidepressants share pharmacologic properties similar to the Class IA antiarrhythmic agents and may prolong the QT interval, particularly in overdose or with higher-dose prescription therapy elevated serum concentrations.

     
  8. EngCat Moderator

    : September 14, 2016 Chief complaint: Whirling and flashing lights A 57-year-old female presented to the Ophthalmology clinic at UIHC complaining bilateral central photopsias for the past two years. The Risk of Retinal Toxicity with Plaquenil Stonewire Optometry-Blog-Hydroxychloroquine Why you need an. Wrong Hydroxychloroquine Dose Is Common, Putting Eyes at Risk.
     
  9. Destate User

    Hydroxychloroquine is widely used in the treatment of post-Lyme arthritis. Chloroquine - Drug Monograph - Pharmacokinetic interactions between chloroquine. Pharmacokinetics of Chloroquine and Some of Its.
     
  10. sanyok New Member

    Chloroquine-Resistant Malaria The Journal of Infectious. Sep 15, 2001 Searches for new drugs against chloroquine-resistant malaria, especially as they relate to analogues of chloroquine and chemosensitizing agents against the different forms of P. falciparum and P. vivax, should benefit greatly from research work in this area

    Endoperoxide antimalarials development, structural diversity.
     
  11. estMate User

    ANTI MALARIAL DRUGS 2014 authorSTREAM PowerPoint Presentation 1. Malaria prophylaxis 300mg once a week for prevention person visiting endemic area should receive one week before and four week after Dose of Chloroquine Uncomplicated vivax / ovale / malaria 600mg10mg/kg- 300mg5mg/kg after 8hrs,continue for next 2 days total 25mg/kg over 3 days + primaquine 15mg0.25mg/kgdaily for 14 days Chloroquine sensitive falciparum Dose.

    A New Synthesis of Chloroquine Journal of the American.